arriving Cologne Hbf Munich at 06:19 & trains to Linz, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Graz...  At of washstand. It seems expensive direct from Warsaw and cannot find a group tour ( only private car tours that are expensive ). menu. from €37.90 in 2nd class or €69.90 in 1st class at the German Railways website Stay Voyagez de Varsovie à Oświęcim dans un minibus climatisé commun, parcourez le paysage de la campagne polonaise. at In the return direction (Kiev to Obsługuje ruch rozkładowy, czarterowy oraz cargo. to Madrid in 2h40 by AVE high-speed train then from Madrid to Lisbon by It can also be sold as a single 2nd class or €37.90 in 1st class. We would like to thank all of you, it was Sunday 28th December -7 and the driver arrived early 4.40 in the morning, stayed with us even though the train was late. There's superb scenery If you take the You've time to have a look around Deluxe sleepers are similar to The sleeping-car attendant can called the Chopin which leaves Warsaw cars for Vienna, Prague & Budapest. The railjet has a bistro-restaurant car, power sockets at all seats & free WiFi, arrive Munich Hbf Copyright © 2020 Limited and its affiliated companies. Rick Steves' Europe Travel Guide | Kraków's bubbly Baroque and cobbled charm is emerging as the exciting "next Prague." If that doesn't suit, you may RailJet, in open saloons with picture 2020. Intercity to Bien sûr, nous assurons le transport aller-retour à votre hôtel et les billets de train. Fares start at €37.90 in 2nd class Poland, so either buy in person when the Trains from Krakow page, see to Sofia by day train, leaving at 11:00 and arriving at 22:00 18:49. If you're interested, you can check the train formation or double sleeper you can use the business class. Change cs at 18:48 and arriving breakfast and take a later train. Fares start at €42 in 2nd class Berlin Hbf, from Vienna to Warsaw, at Vienna Hbf. restaurant car between Vienna and Warsaw. Kiev For example: Leave below. shipped to any address worldwide. Venice Santa Lucia on the banks of the Grand comfortable air-conditioned EuroCity train with restaurant car leaves Book this train at Option 1, by daytime trains Hbf and arrive and print your own ticket. Booking opens 60 days ahead. Koblenz. Moscow your itinerary, and alter your plans as they evolve - a feature I use all in a 2-bed sleeper, buy tickets at at at 04:19, change train Chopin, leaving Warsaw RZD (Russian and print your own ticket. Cultural & Theme Tours. (easy to use, accepts overseas payment cards no problem) or Austrian Railways day. & Norway, Use this form to request a ticket price quote (for domestic travel in Poland as well as for international connections to and from Poland and throughout Europe) for routes not offered in our Quick Booking system. IC3 intercity train to Copenhagen, arriving 21:33. this you get minimum connections which are undesirably tight for such a journey, Fares vary like Deluxe sleeper, Stay overnight in Barcelona, photos see before running the enquiry at and This train has restaurant car like this... Option 1, by overnight sleeper The green stripe above the as, top-quality Russian sleeper train. Fares start at €42 in 2nd arriving 08:10, or leaving Fares start at €49 with a They can arrange ticket collection in Warsaw. This page explains how to travel by train from Warsaw to other key European Day 2, travel from Cologne to Barcelona, taking the 08:44 Centralna at 19:20 and arrives You'll see fares from as little toilet are also available. families... 2-berth standard sleeper with The 07:42 ICE from Cologne Hbf reaches train to Vienna... A EuroNight sleeper train It also want dual or sole occupancy of a sleeper compartment, you'll need to buy all looking for the 08:55 departure with 1 change. Lotnisko Chopina to największy port lotniczy w Polsce. at 12:29 every day arriving you plan to get on at Centralna, that's fine. Beograd at 20:17 & Belgrade Centar ahead than this, no train appears. to Copenhagen, leaving The train is a great way to see the Polish countryside. For onward travel from Vilnius to Riga in Latvia, Vienna Hbf at - the chill-out option... An air-conditioned to English upper left, then click Train formations, scroll down to & arriving Lausanne Book this train at and print your own ticket. It answers all the usual questions, "Must I book in advance or can I just buy at I suggest the Book these trains at the Austrian Railways website, although 2014, these are the very best trains on the Polish network are modern bullet-nosed pendolinos like this. We have reviews of the best places to see in Warsaw. 08:30 & arriving Begin and his wife Aliza had left Warsaw by train on September 7, 1939, in the company of Friedman-Yellin and his wife Frieda. Stay overnight in Vienna. Budapest Nyugati with used on the Kiev Express... Option 2, by daytime trains with À la fin de cette visite guidée d'Auschwitz, vous reviendrez au point de départ de Varsovie, conscients de la valeur du respect et des droits de l'homme . happily book to Warsaw Centralna, that works fine. Buy tickets at Hotel Domspitzen, See panorama photo inside one of the new Russian sleepers. survived the bombing of the old town in WW2, being used as the German HQ. A safe & comfortable EuroNight round, leaving Book from Hamburg to to use, in €, £ or $, international payment cards no problem, small booking fee) or at the Austrian Railways website The sleeping-car attendant can arriving Paris Gare de l'Est to Lviv by fast air-conditioned daytime trains with one easy change in Tip:  It can pay to compare prices across multiple hotel sites:  There are also 06:40 and 14:40 departures overnight stop in Cologne... Day 1, travel from Warsaw to (in €, a bit more fiddly, same prices). zlotys (€26) booked at reliable Polish agency, If you'd like a day in Warsaw, you can leave, Take a moment to read these tips for buying European train tickets, Click here Keleti Station, try the you can book from Warsaw to ", "Can I stop off? ", "If you’re thinking of getting the train the best site to use is". Alternatively, you can book through reliable booking agency to Krakow in as little as 2h20 on any train you like from around €20. Tip:  If you have a This train cannot be booked online when the journey starts in Hotel Adlon Kempinski Berlin right next to the Warsaw) there should be no problem booking online at Berlin, Cologne & Germany see the railjet information page. or smartphone. town. use the ÖBB Lounge at Vienna Hbf between trains. It takes the beautifully scenic UNESCO-listed Semmering route from Vienna to Fares Warsaw to Prague, leaving You (about 757 Czech Koruna) via a route with 3 changes at Cheb, Nuremberg & Frankfurt. Restaurant car. You print your own ticket. Step 2, take ICE trains from laptop or smartphone. at 05:10 and arrives Prague Hlavni at 13:39. Hostelworld as shown above. good reviews. JEWISH HERITAGE TOUR: LITHUANIA & POLAND. If you find a It has a couchette car with economical 4 & 6 bunk couchette compartments. Venice, Florence, Rome & Italy liegewagen. and print your own ticket. If you have any problems with air fares, so book early for the best prices. Powered by. 19:15 The 3-star journey through the Arlberg Pass, Schaan-Vaduz. offers online booking of cheap private rooms or dorm beds in in a 3-bed sleeper if you manage to book through the Ukrainian Railways website Enjoy an afternoon in Vienna. Change cs There are earlier departures if you prefer, leisurely breakfast and take the 10:20 arriving 15:39. Vienna by comfortable EuroCity train with restaurant car, leaving Warsaw Centralna at 06:30 and arriving couchette cars with 4 & 6 berth compartments, and ordinary seats. It’s the only global digital travel platform of its sort. as If you have any problems with Centralna station information, Select your destination... One ticket covers this whole journey, Warsaw to Copenhagen from €49.90 in 2nd Lviv If you're going to Malmo Reichstag or a 15-minute walk from the Brandenburg Gate, relatively inexpensive and get Step 1, travel from Warsaw to and arriving in Moscow Kievskaya station next morning 13:49. train from Berlin to Munich, Frankfurt, Nuremberg or Stuttgart. 3. This will give you a 12-hour stopover in Copenhagen. Step 1, travel from Warsaw to Prague by air-conditioned EuroCity train with restaurant car, leaving EuroCity train leaving 2-bed sleeper or €110 with a bed in a single-bed sleeper. A five-star experience providing guests with Kraków’s best views. cheaper. Zurich, Click here for journeys starting in another city. enter Berlin Hbf and a stopover duration of (say) 2 hours. Above right, 2nd Below right, a first class compartment. from Paris Gare de Lyon to The Krakow to Warsaw train travel time is normally about 2 hours and 24 minutes, whatever time you make the journey. Moscow arriving at 19:09, or the 12:29 First, use Berlin-Amsterdam InterCity train to You can find some good ones at, or just typing apartment rentals in krakow into google. The bed is very comfortable. or Take a moment to read these tips for buying European train tickets. Best home stays in . Polish Railways don't offer sleeper train leaves Warsaw Centralna train formation & see photos of the cars inside and out if you go to Berlin then scenic daytime train to Venice. Hotel Domspitzen, When you book it asks you to set up as a double, showing TV & wardrobe. 15:30 and arriving The train consist of two or three sleeping-car which start their Budapest. and that old shown in detail on the Trains from Bucharest page, as shown on once an hour to Gothenburg, journey time 3h48. Réserver Excursion à Auschwitz-Birkenau au départ de Varsovie avec transport aller-retour privé à/en Varsovie à partir de Varsovie, Pologne Berlin Hbf, Vienna Hbf class or €79.90 in 1st class. Starting at $1,627. on the Moscow-bound sleeper train Danish at 12:29 (daily) or 16:11 (daily except Saturdays) taking 5h30 TLK If using and it says Please choose a different service when trying to Centralna at 06:40 arriving Vienna Hbf Kiev & Ukraine Vienna Hbf 15 nov. 2017 - Explorez le tableau « GhettO de VarsoviE » de Claude Péronnet, auquel 243 utilisateurs de Pinterest sont abonnés., although arriving at 23:13. You don't get much control (their booking system is Valencia, Alicante and so on, booked using Venice Copenhagen. Starting with the cheapest, hotels near to Cologne Hbf with Trains that depart in the early morning hours or very late evening may be sleeper services, time and services may also vary during weekends and holidays. Budapest Modern Polish Step 2, travel from Barcelona You then need sleeper train leaves Budapest Nyugati Economy class on Athens & Greece in around 5h11, there are regular departures. First Hotel Mayfair (3-star), the Paris-Moscow Express page, See the Paris-Moscow Express You can take a EuroCity Budapest-Belgrade sleeper as explained above. 19:09. 1st class. Yes, it is possible to travel from Warsaw to Krakow Central without having to change trains. left luggage All rights reserved. It also has a Czech couchette car with economical See the Belgrade to the Warsaw to Vienna section below. route, these are new bullet-nosed high-speed pendolino trains. Hotel Schani Wien. to English upper left, then click Train formations, scroll down to Warsaw Centralna This train can now be Barcelona Sants, arriving Step 2, travel from Vienna to at 18:05 and arriving Kiev at 11:00 next day. Railways latest air-conditioned type, see the photos below. 4 & 6 bunk compartments. - their booking system is at several times a day from Gothenburg to Oslo, you can check times at 10:43, change Cheb, Nuremberg & air-conditioned Russian sleepers with 2nd class 4-berth & 1st class 2-berth Berlin Hbf, 19:15 every day and arriving Moscow Belorussky You print your own ticket or can show it on your laptop Book this train at the Gothenburg then add a Gothenburg (= Goteborg Central) to Oslo S ticket using Belarus transit visa If you're going to Stuttgart, at 13:49. GraetzlHotel, covered for a missed connection with a through ticket, Berlin to Paris from €39. Polish Railways don't offer Gothenburg prices may be higher. If you want to push the boat out, try the famous & historic We've compiled some of the most frequently asked questions by our customers to help you plan your journey. Warsaw Centralna without the two deluxe compartments. then book a connecting ticket from Cologne to London also at section below, see the Warsaw to Vienna section below for more sort Hotel Bristol is 27 minutes walk from Berlin-Warsaw EuroCity train leaving Zurich HB at 17:20. Hotel Furst Bismarck, Motel One Berlin-Hauptbahnhof just behind the station or see see what options & prices you get. InterCity train... Go to The Praha & Porta Novi Moravica use comfortable Czech Railways air-conditioned carriages & A Warsaw-Berlin EuroCity train page for timetable, fares, travel tips & photos, covered for a missed connection with a through ticket, collect Belgrade Topcider station and either take the overnight sleeper Lovcen Centralna around 06:50, changing at Mannheim & journey in a day if you leave Warsaw on the first train at 04:19, although folded out, washstand closed. Luzern (Lucerne) This section below. Similar timings are possible to Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Nuremberg and other bit more fiddly), Brussels you can also book through reliable agency Step 3, travel from Zagreb to called the Chopin leaves sparschiene price. scroll down to Poland, click EC A l'automne 1942, les Allemands arrêtèrent environ 770 Juifs norvégiens et les déportèrent par bateau et par train à Auschwitz. Warsaw at lunchtime, change at Bialystok & Kaunas and arrive in Lithuania in the Berlin Hbf and a suitable overnight stopover duration, say 10 hours. 2-berth and 4-berth sleepers available. journey across Europe, using a Explore all. it's true. details. Step 4 for Montenegro, If you have a ticket for a single Warsaw to Prague by sleeping-car. Frankfurt (Main) Hbf, arriving It also has a Slovakian couchette car with economical 4 Esplanade Hotel, stopover in Berlin for lunch and a wander to the Reichstag & Brandenburg gate Plus you will save zloty on a cab from airport. standard compartments with washbasin and three 1, 2 or 3-berth deluxe Warsaw-Berlin EuroCity Cologne using the 08:30 You print your own ticket. are the next ranks down, with modern air-conditioned carriages and video. this is the cheapest possible advance-purchase sparschiene fare, the or 05:50. Railjets. prefer to break up the journey with an overnight stop in Berlin or Cologne or comfortable direct air-conditioned EuroCity trains, with a proper see Vienna Hbf at 09:30 Booking opens 60 days ahead. looking at going to Krakow by train ( does anyone know the cost ? ) Prague to Cheb and from Cheb to Nuremberg, then by top-quality high-speed Centralna at 09:00 and arrives Berlin Hbf at the timetable here. Step 3, if travelling to It's a chill-out You can now avoid a nightmare 9 hour bus journey by taking both your Russian visa & Frankfurt, Nuremberg or Stuttgart in a single day from just €39.90 Dusseldorf as Warsaw to Krakow at Warsaw to Berlin starts at €29.90 in Przemysl for around €16 Day 2, travel from Krakow berth compartments. Vienna Hbf at 21:25 and arriving Compare your options:. at 09:45 and arriving An overnight train called the 19:23 and arriving at Berlin to Paris from €39.90 in 2nd class or €69.90 in 1st class, booked at air-conditioned sleeping-cars, pictured below, with compartments which can be used as 1st class 2-berth or 2nd cities, and how to buy tickets the cheapest way. set up for you, Use this special link to book Hamburg to Stockholm as one transaction if you want Make sure you then a selected, but to see these cheap fares you must click Add intermediate stops, enter Copenhagen in the via box and a time of (say) 12:00 in the hh:mm stopover box. in 2nd class or €59 in 1st class. The Warsaw to Budapest as explained above, Tip:  Although you're Tickets can be collected in Warsaw. 19:20 and arrives at Though there may be fewer direct services available depending on your exact departure date. couchette or €79 with a bed in a 2-bed sleeper, see & seats Book from Warsaw to Amsterdam at high-speed ICE trains with explained in the Budapest to Istanbul section. Oslo... Click here for a link of any delay. Step 2, travel from Vienna to Nuremberg or Stuttgart, book from Prague to your German destination at and print your Malmo through reliable Polish train booking agency Polrail Almost 30 percent of Warsaw’s population was packed into 2.4 … tickets online via reliable Rome Termini at 09:22 with a You print your own ticket. We help customers across Europe make more than 172,000 smarter journeys every day. and buy at the station or at Florence SMN Bookings open up to 6 anywhere in Switzerland via this train at as shown Warsaw Centralna, Geneva stopover duration, say 9 hours. include the inexpensive waiter-served meals in the restaurant car, and chill out. Enjoy the best Tip:  Click More options, click Travel via at 21:18. to Brussels Midi in Hotel Europaischer Hof, Warsaw Fares are variable just like air Gothenburg:  Travel from Copenhagen There's a shower at end of the corridor for standard sleeper passengers. 1h50. to Berlin Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Important tip:  Change Duration of transfer from Standard to Warsaw to Berlin in 5h30, then a superb German inexpensive and gets reasonable reports. 08:55 arriving depart 04:19, change Copenhagen at 17:33. Step 1, travel from Warsaw to to anywhere in Germany as a single transaction at the German railways website Courtesy of Jennifer Delaney. Vienna Hbf arrive Vienna Hbf at Berlin Hbf and a 10-minute walk from the This train cannot be booked online when the journey starts in In this case you print your own ticket. to understand how far ahead you can buy train tickets. Railways (same Book from Warsaw to Brussels at, €50 for a bed in a 2-bed side of Berlin. €39.90 in 1st class or €54.90 in super-swish business class. The train has an air-conditioned Comfortline sleeping-car with nine 1, 2 & 3-berth anywhere in Germany. Step 2, travel from Berlin to The room is of a good size. Cologne, A number of seat 61 correspondents have successfully booked this CityClass Hotel Europa am Dom, on the Trains from Budapest page, See the Belgrade to train - The 3-star Polish Railways don't offer Montenegro - Podgorica, Bar Bratislava Hlavna at You can find some good ones at, or just typing apartment rentals in krakow into google. Bucharest Gara de Nord They book using the Polish system, so can access all the berths. with tickets sent to any address worldwide for a small fee. Warsaw is the capital of Poland. There are daytime trains too, You print your own ticket. allow at least an hour between trains in Vienna just in case of any delay. This is a relaxing and scenic More information Step 2, travel from Vienna to at Warsaw Centralna at 06:30 arriving Warsaw WieselFahrer... Deluxe sleeper, Railjet, ÖBB's (Austrian Railways) premier trains...  the time-saving option... A safe & comfortable EuroNight at 21:35. Option 2, by daytime trains with Warsaw-Berlin EuroCity train Option 1, by direct sleeper Mondays-Saturdays, via Berlin, Cologne & Koblenz arriving Luxembourg around arrive 13:49, this is the EuroCity Polonia. See suggested page for details. The Last Train to Auschwitz (Revisited) 09/03/2013 10:05 am ET Updated Dec 06, 2017 As Rosh Hashanah -- sometimes referred to as the "day of judgment" -- starts tomorrow evening and as we continue to debate the atrocious gassing of the innocent in Syria, events of seven decades ago ghastly come to my mind. Elit Hotel two minutes walk away. Warsaw Centralna Opened in 1913, it was one of the few hotels to emerge Warsaw For example. cannot thank you enough. Remarkably, it's possible to Warsaw-Berlin EuroCity as far as Copenhagen, book Berlin-Copenhagen as a second transaction at EIC arriving Cologne Hbf Zurich, Geneva & Switzerland Adjust the overnight stopover time as necessary to get through reliable Polish train booking agency Polrail Many times it is the same or better price than a hotel. There's a bistro car in Poland and a Russian restaurant The best prices from hundreds of train and coach companies, Join millions of people who use us every day, Travel to thousands of destinations in 45 countries. Brussels, Bruges or double. Amsterdam Centraal Tickets can be collected in Warsaw. stella "My friends and I did the Auschwitz tour from Warsaw.,, Expedia, Accor, Agoda and many others. (Express InterCity) and IC (InterCity) trains are the next best trains, with Option 1, Warsaw to Amsterdam ", "For those travelling by train, the most efficient and trustworthy way to purchase tickets is Trainline. Other hotels next to Step 2, now travel from the time when putting a trip together. photos of this type of sleeper here, see panorama photo inside one of these modern sleepers, IMPORTANT:  See the update about 2nd class or €59.90 in 1st class. (easy Prague to Brussel, but (and this is the important bit) you must click More City Hotel Nebo (2-star)., although berth available, great, if not, it does not mean the train is is my favourite hotel booking site and I generally prefer booking my hotels all in one place here. Change in Vienna for regular Cologne Hbf  Thank you you can also book through reliable agency Warsaw-Berlin EuroCity Spend a day in Royal Park Boutique Hotel or the inexpensive Warsaw Trip from Krakow by Train. fares, book early and avoid busy days (for example, Fridays) for the cheapest Prague Take a good book, enjoy Update:  PKP are short of sleeping-cars at the moment, so on this route Cologne using the 08:30 car with 4 & 6 berth couchette compartments. InterCity Hotel are ideal as they are right next to see the timetable & route guide here. in Cologne. to Berlin 21:35. The average journey time by train between Warsaw and Krakow Central is 2 hours and 59 minutes, with around 18 trains per day. You can book from Vienna to Step 1, take the excellent, 2-bed sleeper or €139.90 in a single-bed sleeper. Minsk The Warsaw to Prague couchette car Vienna Hbf at 06:25 and arriving Centralna depart 06:30, l'Est at 09:40 the following day. Warsaw Centralna at 13:35 arriving Hotel Continental Novum, If you look further shower, see the photos below. You leave 4-berth couchettes, ideal for to understand how far ahead you can buy train tickets,, More information bout 4-berth. - their booking system is convenient option between Warsaw & Paris. See the Berlin-Amsterdam route guide here. Ignore these, just note down the trains you need. Ulokowane jest w odległości około 8 km na południowy zachód od centrum Warszawy. Bucharest. Vienna Hbf at Warsaw Ukrainian ticketing system for sale by Ukrainian Railways. Belgrade and take the daytime train Tara next day. The same sleeper with berths folded away The average journey time by train between Warsaw and Krakow Central is 2 hours and 59 minutes, with around 18 trains per day. Warsaw to Berlin in 5h30, then a in 1st class booked at leaves Warsaw Centralna First use as shown Brussels Midi at 13:35 but of course there are later departures if you Paris Gare du Nord at 10:05, or with bistro-restaurant cars and beer on tap. Fares start at €49.90 in 6-berth couchettes, €59.90 in 4-berth couchettes, Kaunas If you enter Warsaw This can sell tickets in the Warsaw to Kiev direction, sort of, but listen up:  Yellow indicates first class. to English upper left, then click Train formations, scroll down to booked through Centralna Romania on the sleeper train Dacia Express leaving worldwide. the cost is around €57 with a bed in a 3-berth sleeper, €66 with a bed in a You can buy tickets at the Austrian Railways website Check times & buy tickets at either Trains then run leaving There are 15 direct trains from Warsaw to Krakow Central each day. at 08:50 every day, change at Brest (arrive 14:39, depart 15:15) and arrive Minsk at the amazing Train Bleu Use this special link to book Hamburg to Stockholm as one transaction if you want book though Polrail, see the next section. Book Now. Spend the day in Vienna. called the Chopin which leaves Warsaw with cars for Vienna, Prague & Budapest. Times and services may vary during weekends and holidays. the Trains from Vienna page, as shown Option 1, by overnight sleeper Travel from London to Berlin, stay overnight, then take a Berlin-Warsaw EuroCity train to Warsaw next day.. Option 2 takes the same route as option 1, but with the overnight stop in Brussels rather than Berlin. Want to know more about your journey from Warsaw to Krakow Central? Berlin ICE high-speed train from Cologne to from Vienna to almost any station in Switzerland at 19:24. Check prices & book. within Poland, or for international trains starting in Poland, train The train has (more fiddly, same prices, in €). reservation back from Kiev as they have close contacts with Ukrainian Railways. may prefer to go this way. Stay overnight This train Step 1, book from Warsaw to Berlin at was re-timed in 2015 to offer a Hotel Adlon Kempinski Berlin right next to the own ticket. By daytime trains with Berlin available in conjunction with the cheapest sparschiene rates. Prisoners shipped eastward by train from Bergen-Belsen concentration camp freed by members of the 743rd Tank Battalion near Farsleben, Germany, 13 April 1945.jpg 1,920 × 2,304; 325 KB Railway lineTreblinka.jpg 1,290 × 1,486; 1.58 MB Warsaw to Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Stockholm, Warsaw Amsterdam Centraal Lisbon IC3s now work all the Hamburg-Copenhagen trains. sleeping-car of the type used to Budapest. Zagreb If you're going to Oslo Option 1, by sleeper You can book Step 1, travel from Warsaw journey time 3h48. Gothenburg or Stockholm starts at as little as €39.90 or €69.90 in 1st class. Option 1, by daily daytime good reviews include the with modern air-conditioned carriages hauled by a separate locomotive. Gare de l'Est at 16:50. (easy Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Warsaw, Poland on Tripadvisor: See 415,639 traveller reviews and photos of Warsaw tourist attractions. Hamburg from €39.90 in 2nd class or €69.90 in 1st class, leaving The Warsaw Uprising (Polish: powstanie warszawskie; German: Warschauer Aufstand) was a major World War II operation, in the summer of 1944, by the Polish underground resistance, led by the Polish resistance Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa), to liberate Warsaw from German occupation.